CloseableHttpClient加载证书来访问https网站

对安全性有要求的网站一般使用https来加密传输的请求和响应。https离不开证书,关于证书不在多说。Apache的HttpClient支持https,下面是官方的样例程序,程序中使用了my.store这个文件,这个文件不是网站的证书,而是一份包含自己密码的自己的证书库。这个文件是需要自己生成的,使用jdk中的keytool命令可以很方便的生成my.store文件。步骤如下(以支付宝为例):

  1. 浏览器(以chrome为例)访问https://www.alipay.com/,点击域名左侧的小锁,可以查看支付宝的证书信息

  2. 将支付包的证书信息导出,证书格式有很多中,der、cer等。随便选择即可。
  3. 命令行或者shell执行 keytool -import -alias "my alipay cert" -file www.alipay.com.cert -keystore my.store,如果keytool命令不识别,去检查一下jdk的环境变量是否设置正确。”my alipay cert”是个别名,随便取。”www.alipay.com.cert”这个文件就是从浏览器中导出的支付宝的证书。”my.store”是生成的自己的证书库文件。回车执行,效果如下:2013-10-11-16:02:06-22013-10-11-16:02:52-3

OK,现在可以执行下面的代码了:

    package com.yeetrack.httpclient;

    /**
    * Created with IntelliJ IDEA.
    * User: victor
    * Date: 13-10-11
    * Time: 下午3:09
    * To change this template use File | Settings | File Templates.
    */
    import java.io.File;
    import java.io.FileInputStream;
    import java.security.KeyStore;

    import javax.net.ssl.SSLContext;

    import org.apache.http.HttpEntity;
    import org.apache.http.client.methods.CloseableHttpResponse;
    import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpGet;
    import org.apache.http.conn.ssl.SSLContexts;
    import org.apache.http.conn.ssl.SSLConnectionSocketFactory;
    import org.apache.http.impl.client.CloseableHttpClient;
    import org.apache.http.impl.client.HttpClients;
    import org.apache.http.util.EntityUtils;

    /**
    * 代码展示了如果使用ssl context创建安全socket连接
    */
    public class ClientCustomSSL {

        public final static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
            KeyStore trustStore  = KeyStore.getInstance(KeyStore.getDefaultType());
            //加载证书文件
            FileInputStream instream = new FileInputStream(new File("/home/victor/my.store"));
            try {
                trustStore.load(instream, "mypassword".toCharArray());
            } finally {
                instream.close();
            }
            SSLContext sslcontext = SSLContexts.custom()
                    .loadTrustMaterial(trustStore)
                    .build();

            SSLConnectionSocketFactory sslsf = new SSLConnectionSocketFactory(sslcontext,
                    SSLConnectionSocketFactory.BROWSER_COMPATIBLE_HOSTNAME_VERIFIER);
            CloseableHttpClient httpclient = HttpClients.custom()
                    .setSSLSocketFactory(sslsf)
                    .build();
            try
            {
                //访问支付宝
                HttpGet httpget = new HttpGet("https://www.alipay.com/");

                System.out.println("executing request" + httpget.getRequestLine());

                CloseableHttpResponse response = httpclient.execute(httpget);
                try {
                    HttpEntity entity = response.getEntity();

                    System.out.println("----------------------------------------");
                    System.out.println(response.getStatusLine());
                    if (entity != null) {
                        System.out.println(EntityUtils.toString(entity));
                    }
                } finally {
                    response.close();
                }
            } finally {
                httpclient.close();
            }
        }

    }

 

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